yzc亚洲城足球注册

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      yzc亚洲城足球注册

      发布时间:2020-04-10 00:00:16 文章来源:新华社 阅读次数:52

        yzc亚洲城足球注册ByLiuShouying,,2016AgriculturalmodernizationinChinahasalwaysbeenimpededbytheproblemofsmall-scaleandscatteredoperationofruralfarmland,whichismainlycaus,thecentralgovernmenthaspoliciesofencouragingvoluntary,law-based,,ruralfarmlandtransfertakesthetrendofacceleratedgrowthandpresentssomenewfeaturesdearly1990s,,from1984to1992,%offarmersnevertransferredfarmland,%,,842householdsintheeastern,centralandwesternareas,conductedbyruralsurveysitessetbyMinistryofAgriculture,%ofthetotalfarmland,with9%,%%fortheeastern,centralandwesternregionsrespectively[].Forthepastfewyears,anincreasingamountoffarmlandhasbeentransferred,withatotalareaof403millionmu()bytheendof2014,,%offarmlandcontractedandoperatedbyhouseholds,,theproportionoftransferredfarmlandisindescendingorderfromthecentraltoeastern,andtowesternregions,,%intheeasternregion,%inthecentralregion,%inthewesternregion,,,ties,likeShanghai(%),Jiangsu(%),Beijing(%),andZhejiang(%),sofMinistryofAgriculture,farmlandcanbetransferredinfivewaysincludessubcontracting,leasing,jointstockpartnership,exchanging,andtransferring,%,%,%,%%respectivelyin2014,%,w,however,,,farmlandismainlytransferredthroughsubcontractingandleasinginallregions,%,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmlandrespectivelyintheeastern,,morethan60%,lessthan40%hatintheeasternandwesternregions,butrosefrom2011to2013,shipwashigh,over10%%in2013intheeasternregions,%%ithwideregionaldifferencesFrom2010to2014,theareaofsubcontractedfarmlandgrowinggraincropsincreasedfrom103millionto229millionmu,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmland,,%%oftransferredfarmlandinJilinProvinceandHeilongjiangProvincerespectivelywasusedforgrainproduction,withtheareaoftransferredfarmlandforgrainproductioninmajorgrain-producingareashigherthanthenationalaverage,likeInnerMongolia(%),Jiangxi(%),Anhui(%),Henan(%).However,%inBeijing,%inGuizhou,%inHainan,%inGuangdong,%distransferredtomultiplepartieslikenon-farmers,,,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandmanagingfarmland,,42millionfarmlandtransfercontractshavebeensigned,involvinganareaof269millionmu,,%ofthetotalareaoftransferredfarmland,owthoffarmlandtransfer,,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandlessthan10muwas226million,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandoperatingfarmland,%.Specificallyspeaking,thenumbersoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandbetween10and30muandbetween30―%%,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithlessthan50muoffarmlandwasthelion’sshare(%),whichcorrespondstotheratiobetweenfamilysizetolandarea,technicalconditionsandfarmers’operationskills(seeTable7).Inaddition,,―100muoffarmland;750,000farminghouseholdshad100―200mu;and310,,itisofnecessitytofocusontheeffectsofalargenumberofhouseholdswithmoderatescaleoffarmi,farmlandisoper,,%oftransferredfarmlandisoperatedbyfarmers,whoarestillthemajorplayer,,farmlandisalsotransferredamongplentyofparties,likefarmingspecializedcooperatives(%),enterprises(%),andothers(%).Itisworthnotingthat,comparedwith2010,;;;...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByGuShuzhong,,2018Wateristhesourceoflife,theessentialfactorofproduction,thefoundationofecology,,wat,ortheabilityithasto,acquire,inatimely,sustainable,reliableandeconomicallyreasonablemanner,waterresourcesandwaterresourceproductsasneededofacceptablequalityandquantity,maintainagoodecologicalenvironment,,Chinaisconfrontedwithaverycomplexwatersecuritysituation,whichisexacerbatedbyamultitudeofproblemslikewaterresourceshortage,waterpollution,aquaticdamage,,watersecurityinChinaisfacingmanynewsituations,,andthecountry’sdrivetoseeknewgrowthenergyandnew-typeurbanizationandindustrialization,eradicatepoverty,comprehensivelybuildamoderatelyprosperoussociety,advanceecologicalandgreendevelopment,copewithclimatechangeandprotectbiodiversity,,itisnecessarytohaveasystematicevaluationandunderstandingofwatersecuritysituationsinChinaandidentifymainproblemsinthisrespectinthehopeofprovidingsomeinsightsneededforthecountry’sdecision-makingconcerningnationalsecurity,isstudyadoptedtheanalytichierarchyprocess(AHP),indicatorsatthelevelofcriteriafortheevaluationofwatersecurityinChinawerecreatedfromthefollowingfiveaspects:a)Adequacyinquantity,usedtomeasureifthequantityofwaterresourcesinaregioncansatisfyhumanneedsofeconomicactivity(industrial,agricultural,etc.)andeverydaylife;b)waterqualitycompliance,usedtomeasureifthequalityofwatercomplieswithwaterqualityrequirementsfortheuseofwaterforliving,productiveandecologicalpurposes;c)sustainability,usedtomeasureifwaterresourcescanguaranteetheirownquantity,humanneedsfordevelopmentandutilization,andneedsofecologicalfunctions;d)costaffordability,usedtomeasuretheabilityofwateruserstopayforwatertheyuse,andofthesocietytoaffordwatersupplycosts;ande)floodprotection,usedtomeasureth,andspecificindicatorsofeachsub-criterionwerehand-pickedbasedoncorrelationsbetweenindicatorsandontheprinciplesecurityinChina(seeTable1).,andthenanon-parametrictestmethodinvolvingmultiplematchedsamples-morespecifically,Kendall’,suggestinggoodconsistencyoftheresults;theresultsalsopassedthesignifieevaluationofwatersecurityinChina,asystematicevaluationofwatersecuritysituationsinChinawastheconductedinthreedimensions,,provinces,tyears,aswellasdatafromwat,andonthisbasis,indicatordatawereprocessedandtheindicatorsscoredandweighted,finallyarrivingatscoresofthecrit:ascoreof90orhighersignifies“verygood”,“good”,“moderate”,“acceptable”,andascorebelow60denotes“unacceptable”.Thestateofwat(Table2),signifyinga“good”,costaffordabilityscoredthehighest,,signifyinga“verygood”ranking;,signifyinga“good”ranking;waterqualitycomplianceandfloodprotectionscoredlower,(lowest),therefore,themostpromine,lowerscoresoccurredmainlytothefollowingindicators:LengthinpercentagetermsofriverswithClassItoIIIwaterquality,numberinpercentagetermsoflakeswithClassItoIIIwaterquality,rateofwaterflowintothesea(orabroad),averageratiooflossesfromfloodingtoGDPin3years,averagepercentageoffloodedcitiesin3years()Floodcontrolability,’dhigherthanthenorthernparts,withthelowestscoresoccurringtosuchareasintheHaiandYellowRiverbasinsasHebei,BeijingandTianjin(seethesectionbelowfordetails).oblemswithwatersecurityinChinabasedontheforgoingevaluatioer,andtheproblemofexcessivewaterresourcedevelopmentisprominentTheadequacyinquantityandthesustainabilityofwaterresourcesinChinascoredrelativelyhigh:sofaraswatersupplyanddemandisconcerned,theavailablequantityatpresentofwaterresourcesinChinaisgreaterthanthatofdemandforwaterandcaninthegeneralsensesatisfywaterdemandforlivingandproductivepurposes;thedegreeofdevelopmentandutilizationofsurfaceandundergroundwaterresourcesislessthan20%,rresourcesinthenorthernChinesebasinsoftheYellow,HuaiandHaiRivers;particularlyinBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandotherplacesontheNorthChinaPlainaswellasinHenanandShandongintheHuaiRiverbasin,where,duetodensepopulationsanddevelopedindustrialandagriculturaleconomiesthere,,industrialandagriculturalwaterdemandhasbeensatisfiedwithcross-regionalwatertransferprojectsbeinggraduallycompletedandurbanandruralwatersupplyinfrastructureimproved,thepressurefromthecontradictionbetweensupplyanddemandofwaterresources,againstabackdropofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,thenorthandnorthwestpartsofthecountryfaceconsiderablewaterresourcepressureforhigherdegreesofwaionofBeijing,TianjinandHebei,ataratenearorabove100%,whichisthecountry’,thisregionhasaremarkabledeclineintheaggregatequantityofwaterresourcesandforeignwaterresources,suggestingariskthatwaterresourcesareinthemselvesunsustainable....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 

        ByYeXingqing,,2015Intheprocessofsynchronouslypromotinganewtypeofindustrialization,informatization,urbanizationandagriculturalmodernization,,thestumblingstonesaresmall-scaleoperationandlowlaborproductivity,whichleadstolong-standinghighcost,itisdifficultforfarmerstohaveanincomecomparablewiththeaverageofthewholesociety,andtheKuznetseffect,supposedtoshowpresencewhenlaborisreallocated,-ruraldualsystem,specialdi,theChinesegovernmentshouldbecommittedtopromotingmoderate-scaleagriculturaloperationandimprovingagriculturallaborproductivity,whichshouldbearsofefforts,remarkable,agriculturaltechnologyinChinacontributed56%toagriculturalmodernization,61%ofagriculturalplowing,plantingandharvestingwasachievedbymechanizedfarming,over51%offarmlandwaseffectivelyirrigated,over95%offarmcropswereimprovedvarieties,andtheaveragecommodityrateofthreecropswasmorethan86%.Chineseagriculturehaswitnessedmoreimprovedvarietiesofcrops,betterutilizationofwaterresourcesforagriculturalproduction,greaterrateofmechanizedfarmingandhighercommodityrateofcrops,,Chinahasenteredintothemiddle-to-latestageofagriculturalmodernization(seeTable1).Table1DifferentStagesofAgriculturalModernization,2018Inordertotrackandevaluatetheachievementsmadeinthegovernmentserviceoverrecentyears,theresearchteamofthe“People’sLivelihoodSurveyinChina”oftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilconductedhouseholdsurveysofpeople’slivelihoodconcernsintheeightprovincesofAnhui,Hebei,Zhejiang,Shaanxi,Fujian,Sichuan,Heilongjiang,andJiangsu,in2017,obtainingatotalof9,ucation,whilethenumberofrespondentswithcollegeoower,streamlineadministrationandimprovegovernmentservices,thesatisfactiondegreeofurbanandruralresidentswithgovernmentservicescontinuestoincrease,butthereisstillacertaingaptobefilledtomeetthepeople’,thereisstillaneedforcontinuousimprovementintheeffortstoaddressgovernanceinactionandreducefutileactionsimposedonthepeople,’sGeneralEvaluationoftheGovernmentServicesTheoverallevaluationofgovernmentserviceandworkefficiencycannotonlyreflectthepublic’ssatisfactiondegreewithgovernmentservice,,the“People’sLivelihoodSurveyinChina”resear,haveseenurbanandruralresidents’showahighdegreeofsatisfactionwithgovernmentservices,withtheproportionoftherespondentswhoexpressedsatisfactionwithgovernmentservicesandefficiency(including“verysatisfied”and“basicallysatisfied”,thesamebelow)%%,throughcontinuousimprovementofthegovernment’smeasurestofacilitatetheworkofthepeople,andcontinuousexplorationofnewmodesofgovernmentservice,thegovernment’sservicecapacityandlevelhavegraduallyimproved,andtheoveral%oftherespondentsweresatisfiedwithgovernmentservicesandefficiency,,%oftherespondentsexpresseddissatisfaction(including“notquitesatisfied"and“verydissatisfied”,thesamebelow),“leastsatisfiedinthesocialenvironment”[]①,%oftherespondentschosegovernmentservices(efficiency),tservicescontinuestoincrease,therespondentswhosaidtheywere“verysatisfied”,%.Thisshowsthattherearestillsomeunsatisfactoryaspectsofgovernmentservicesatpresent,whichmayberelatedtodifferentregionsandgroups’perception,andtoacertainextentreflectsthatthepeopwerthanthatofruralresidentsAmongtheeightprovincesselectedinthehouseholdsurvey,%ofurbanresidentsexpressedsatisfactionwithgovernmentservices,;,theproportionofurbanresidentsexpressing“greatsatisfaction”ingurbanresidentsandtheproceduresarerelativelycomplicated,forexample,socialsecuritypayment,taxdeclaration,realestateregistration,etc.,theydealmorewithgoveruation,whichisinevitablyinfluencedbytheexperienceandpersonalcognitionlevelofaswellastheactua’ssatisfactiondegreewithgovernmentservicesislowerthanthatofth%ofthefloatingpopulationissatisfiedwithgovernmentservices,“greatsatisfaction”“feelingbasicallysatisfied”leindicating“verysatisfied”[]②.Ofcourse,,whenhandlingmatters,localgovernmentsshouldtreatpeopleequally[]③pondentsfromdifferentprovincesAmongtheeightprovincesselectedinthehouseholdsurvey,SichuanandAnhuirespondentsindicatedthehighestsatisfactionwithgovernmentservicesintheplacewheretheylivedcurrently,%%%%,Heilongjiangrespondentshadthelowestevaluationofgovernmentservice,%,itwasfoundthatSichuan,,%nme’,thismayberelatedtotheinvestigationandsamplingamongdifferentprovinces,andnewproblemsandctpresent,thecomprehensiveservicecapacityofthegrassrootsgovernmenthasgraduallyimproved,andproblemssuchasalargenumberofcertificationmaterials,cumbersomeprocedurestoobtaincertificates,,streamlineadministrationandoptimizegovernmentservices,andthelevelofgovernmentservicehasgraduallyimproved,butthereisstillabiggaptobefilledtomeetpeople’shigherexpectations,asmainlyreflectedin:’sserviceattitudeandabilityarecontinuouslyimproving,butthereisstillaneedforcontinuousimprovementintheeffortstoaddressinactionandreducetroubleforthepeople....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.yzc亚洲城足球注册 


        ByRenXingzhou,,Duringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriodDuringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,China’snationaleconomicandsocia,theseadjustmentswillbringrowthareasanddrivingforcesatthenewstageofdevelopmentItisthemainunderlyingguidelinethatChinashouldtaketheinitiativetoproactivelyadapttoandleadthenewnormalintheecon’seconomicgrowth,andalsoreflectsthetransformationofeconomicdevelopmentmode,growthdrivers,,theeconomywillbetransformedfromextensivegrowthwithlargescaleandhighspeedtointensivegrowthwithqualityandefficiency;thedrivingforcesforeconomicgrowthwillbefoundinnewgrowthareasinsteadofconventionalones;theeconomicstructurewillbeadjustedfromfocusingonexpansioninquantityandcapacitytoin-depthrestructuringwhichlaysemphasisoninventoryadjustment,qualityimprovementandquantityexpansionina’sGDPpercapitawillincreasefromthecurrent11,000internationaldollarsto15,000internationaldollars[]inthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,,inthisperiod,thefastdevelopmentoftheserviceindustryhelpsdriveeconomicgrowth,whichinturnwillpromotethesustainableandsteadydevelopmentofChina’ntinordertobasicallyrealizeindustrializationandpromotethetransformationandupgradingofthemanufacturingindustryDuringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinawillaccelerateitstransitiontothelaterstageofindustrializationan,industrialexpansioninquantitywillbeshiftedtoupgradinginqualitysoastopromotethe“MadeinChina2025”,itisimperativetoincreasethevalue-addedandcompetitivenessofmanufacturing,,,withtheconstantdifferentiationwithintheindustry,theproportionoflabor-intensivemanufacturingindustryandresource-intensiveheavychemicalindustrywillcontinuetodecline,whiletheproportionofcapital-andtech,makingcapital-andtechnology-intensivemanufacturingdependmoreonknowledge-intensiveserviceforproductionsuchascommercialservices,financialinsurance,andtechnologydevelopment,,small-volume,multi-batchanddifferentiationwillbeincreasinglyprominentinproduction,whichalsoeindustrytakesthelead,,China’,it’samusttoimprovefactorendowmentstructureassoonaspossible,reaslikeRD,education,edrivingforceforthetransformationandupgradingofthemanufacturingindustryandforth,withtheseverelyaggravatedenvironmentpollutionandinternationalcommitmentofenergyconservationandemissionreduction,,circularandlow-carbonproductionmode,ChinashouldacceleratethedeviceindustrydevelopmentInthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinawillseegre,theshareofworking-agepopulationfallsinthetotalpopulation,,by2020,China’spopulationaged15to64willbemorethan1billion,%,comparedwiththecurrentfigure,,,theelderlyovertheageof65willbecloseto170million,%ofthetotal,,,,by2020,themainworki,respectively,,respectively,%,withabout200millionpeoplewithhighereducation,,aspopulationagesatafasterpace,andwiththeincreaseoftheempty-nestfamilies,peoplewillpaymoreattentiontolifeandthequalityofliving,thusha,infact,,theelderlyintheirearly50,thesocalled“post-50s”,,whichhelpscreatenewsocialservicedemand,,intheprocessoftransitioningfromacountryoflargepopulationtooneofgreathumanresources,weshouldpaymoreattentiontogivingprioritytoinvestinginhumanresources,whichhelpsexpandthescaleofhigh-endhumancapitalsoastoprovidesustainedintellectualsupportforthedevelopmentofChina’sserviceindustry....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2017AsChinadeepenstheeconomictransformationandupgradewiththefocusonsupply-sidestructuralreform,itsecon,upgradeandallocationofindu,thegoalof“maintainingmedium-andhigh-speedeconomicgrowthandpushingindustriestothemediumandhighend”decline,industrialhumancapitalmusthavebetterqualityandstructureandplayabiggerroleinboostingtotalfactorproductivity(TFP).Atthemoment,severalcharacteristi,technologicalprogressand“machineryformanpower”isaccelerated,medium-andlow-endworkforceisinstructuralsurplusafterbeingreplaced,medium-andhigh-endtalentsareinincreasinglyseriousshortage,,thecampaignof“de-capacity,de-stocking,de-leveraging,costreductionandweaknessfortification”channelsworkforcetonewindustries,newbusinessformsandothernewemploymentgrowthpoints,which,however,,laborcostkeepsrising,andlabor-intensiveindustriescontinuetomovefromcoastalareasineastChinatocentralandwe,thenewroundofreformandadjustmentisjustbeginning,thesupply-demandbalancingprocessisfarfromover,rkforceandtheShortageofhigh-endTalentsThenewdriveforeconomicgrowthlargelycomesfromthecooughtechnologicalrenovation,particularlythroughtheintegrationofinformationtechnologyandmanufacturing,isanimportantwayofrealizingthegoalof“MadeinChina2025”.In2015,,%year-on-year,%oftheindustrialinvestment,,pment,butalsotomakethemanagementandservicemodelandtheworkforce’sandincreasesthedemandfortalentsofadvancedskillsAnimportantmotivationfortraditionalmanufactoriestoacceleratethe“machineryformanpower”processistolowerthelaborcostinlow-skillpositions,especiallylabor-intensiveprivateenterprises(Figure1).Wecondu,500employees,,theworkthatusedtobedoneby300skilledw,itneededonly80newworkers,halfthenumberofayearago,,andthedomesticworkshopisfoc’tdecreasedbecauseofindustrialtransferinthe“machineryformanpower”process,andthedemand/,thegeneraltalentdemand/,buttheratioforhighlyskilledworkershadremainedabove2formanyyears(Figure2).In2016Q1,theratioforseniorengineers,,,,%%respectively,rqualityofworkforce’sknowledgeandskillsAsthecuttingedgeofenterprises’technologicalrenovation,in,manyindustrialinsidersbel,thereisnoevidencetoprovethatrobotswill“snatch”jobsfromhumansonalargescale,b’sindustrialrobotmarketwas72,400setsin2016,accountingfor1/,000workers,asopposedto531intheRepublicofKorea,,indicatinggreat,theuseofrobotsaffectsemploymentinfouraspects.(1),hightemperature,highradiationandcleanroom.(2)%ofthesimpleandrepetitiveworkinfutureproductionlineswillbedonebyrobots(Figure3).Forinstance,tensofthousandsofroboticarmsareworkingalongFoxconn’sproductionlinesinsimpleandboringprocessessuchaspainting,testingandwelding.(3)elopmentofagroupofindustriesandcreatednewemploymentgrowthpoints.(4),scaleupproductionandfosternewbusinessformswillbethemainapproach....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 

      yzc亚洲城足球注册ByLvWei,,2017Withremarkableprogressinscientificandtechnologicalinnovation,C,comparedwithdevelopedcountries,therearestilldeficienciesanddifficultiesinsat,Chinastillhasalongwaytogoinordertoimproveinnovation(especiallyoriginalinnovation),weneedtofurtionsystem,institutionalobstaclesshouldbeliftedtofacilitatetheimplementationofpertinentpoliciesandm,addressingthedeficiencyofinnovationmotivationandcapabilityisanimportantandfundamentaltaskforthecurrentphaseofeconomictransformationinord,ChinaneedstoComprehensivelyimproveInnovationMotivationandCapabilityWithlong-termsteadyaccumulation,Chinahasbecomeagreatpowerofscienceandtechnologywithactiveinnovation,andisnowpushingtheinnovationOrganization(WIPO)in2017showsthatChinaranksthe22ndofthe141countriesthatareinclud,Chinaisespeciallyeye-catchingforitsbusinessmaturity,knowledgeandtechnologyoutput,,comparedwithdevelopedcountries,thereisstillalargegapintermsofinstitutionalenvironment,humancapital,infrastructure(informationinfrastructure,energyefficiency,ecologicalenvironment,etc.),creativeoutput,,Chinaisoneofthecountriesthatleadtheworldinthetotalspendingontechnologicaldevelopment,,thegrowtho,ChinaranksthesecondhighestinRDinvestmentintheworld;in2016,%,thehighes,China’stotalnumberofresearchersisthelargestintheworld,,scientificandtechnologicalachievementshaveincreasedsubstantially,,Chinaaccountsforabout20%ofthetotalscientificpublicationsoftheworld,andranksthe2ndlargestintheworldinthevolumeofinternationalscientificandtechnologicalworks,the4thintermsofcitationfrequency,andthehighesti,thequantityofhigh-qualityforeignpatents(Europe,UnitedStates,andJapan)isstillinsufficient,andweneedtofurtherenhancethet,innovationfactorsareflowingtoenterprises,whichcontributestotheprogressiveimprovementoftheinnovationcapabilityofthebusinesssector,buttheinve%andover70%,theinnovationcapacityandmotivationoftheenterprisesstillneedtobeenhanced,forin2015,theratioofRDinve%.Fourth,althoughChinahasshiftedfromtheindustrialinnovationstrategyofcomprehensivetechnologytrackingandcatching-uptothatof“following,keepingpacewithandleadingothercountriesintheworld,”,duetoitsinsufficientoriginalinnovationcapability,somecoretechnologiesarerelativelyhighlydependentonforeigncountries,,,,theinstitutionalmechanismandpolicyenvironmentforstimulatinginnovationhavewitnessedgradualimprovement,butitisstill,boththecentralandlocalgovernmentshaveintroducedvariouspoliciestosupportthescientificandtechnologicalprogressandinnovativedevelopment,acomprehensivepolicysystemandaninstitutionalframeworkcoveringtheentireinnovationchainhavebeenbasicallydeveloped,whilepolicyinstrumentshavegraduallyshiftedthefocusfromfiscalandtaxationsupporttorelyingoninstitutionalreform,inclusive,duetotheinadequateimplementationandnon-coordinationofthesepolicies,ithasbeendifficulttoeffectivelypromotethereforminsome,thecreati,Chinaisnowonthewholepreparedforacceleratedinnovativedevelopment,andhaspromoteditsstatusfrommainlyrelyingontechnologytrackingto“following,keepingpacewithandleadingothercountriesintheworld”,shi,insharpcontrastwiththepastsituationwheretechnicalpersonnelwerethemainbodyofinnovationparticipants,replacedtheapproachofabsorptionandintegrationwithoriginalinnovation,andtherelativelyclosedpolicywiththatofopening-up,andmodCapabilityofInnovationAlthoughChinahasenteredthethirdechelonofinnovativecountriesintheworld,therearestillmanyweakl,theinsufficiencyininnovationmotivationandcapabilityisthemostprominentissue,ructurhallengesthatrestrictthedevelopmentofinnovation-drivendevelopment....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      ByLiuShouying,,2016AgriculturalmodernizationinChinahasalwaysbeenimpededbytheproblemofsmall-scaleandscatteredoperationofruralfarmland,whichismainlycaus,thecentralgovernmenthaspoliciesofencouragingvoluntary,law-based,,ruralfarmlandtransfertakesthetrendofacceleratedgrowthandpresentssomenewfeaturesdearly1990s,,from1984to1992,%offarmersnevertransferredfarmland,%,,842householdsintheeastern,centralandwesternareas,conductedbyruralsurveysitessetbyMinistryofAgriculture,%ofthetotalfarmland,with9%,%%fortheeastern,centralandwesternregionsrespectively[].Forthepastfewyears,anincreasingamountoffarmlandhasbeentransferred,withatotalareaof403millionmu()bytheendof2014,,%offarmlandcontractedandoperatedbyhouseholds,,theproportionoftransferredfarmlandisindescendingorderfromthecentraltoeastern,andtowesternregions,,%intheeasternregion,%inthecentralregion,%inthewesternregion,,,ties,likeShanghai(%),Jiangsu(%),Beijing(%),andZhejiang(%),sofMinistryofAgriculture,farmlandcanbetransferredinfivewaysincludessubcontracting,leasing,jointstockpartnership,exchanging,andtransferring,%,%,%,%%respectivelyin2014,%,w,however,,,farmlandismainlytransferredthroughsubcontractingandleasinginallregions,%,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmlandrespectivelyintheeastern,,morethan60%,lessthan40%hatintheeasternandwesternregions,butrosefrom2011to2013,shipwashigh,over10%%in2013intheeasternregions,%%ithwideregionaldifferencesFrom2010to2014,theareaofsubcontractedfarmlandgrowinggraincropsincreasedfrom103millionto229millionmu,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmland,,%%oftransferredfarmlandinJilinProvinceandHeilongjiangProvincerespectivelywasusedforgrainproduction,withtheareaoftransferredfarmlandforgrainproductioninmajorgrain-producingareashigherthanthenationalaverage,likeInnerMongolia(%),Jiangxi(%),Anhui(%),Henan(%).However,%inBeijing,%inGuizhou,%inHainan,%inGuangdong,%distransferredtomultiplepartieslikenon-farmers,,,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandmanagingfarmland,,42millionfarmlandtransfercontractshavebeensigned,involvinganareaof269millionmu,,%ofthetotalareaoftransferredfarmland,owthoffarmlandtransfer,,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandlessthan10muwas226million,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandoperatingfarmland,%.Specificallyspeaking,thenumbersoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandbetween10and30muandbetween30―%%,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithlessthan50muoffarmlandwasthelion’sshare(%),whichcorrespondstotheratiobetweenfamilysizetolandarea,technicalconditionsandfarmers’operationskills(seeTable7).Inaddition,,―100muoffarmland;750,000farminghouseholdshad100―200mu;and310,,itisofnecessitytofocusontheeffectsofalargenumberofhouseholdswithmoderatescaleoffarmi,farmlandisoper,,%oftransferredfarmlandisoperatedbyfarmers,whoarestillthemajorplayer,,farmlandisalsotransferredamongplentyofparties,likefarmingspecializedcooperatives(%),enterprises(%),andothers(%).Itisworthnotingthat,comparedwith2010,;;;...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByFengWenmeng,,2017Properincomedistributionnotonlyhasabearingonsocialharmony,stabilityandsustainabledevelopment,,ahigherincomelevelandproperincomedist,ahigherincomelevelcanimprovepeople’slivesinsuchaspectsaseducationandhealth,,thegovernmenthaspaidgrowingattentiontoincomedistribution,androlledoutpoliciesonthereformofincomedistribution,,however,therearestillanumberofprominent,,,theGinicoefficientofChina’,yetthatwa①.Meanwhile,,t,somestudiesindicatetha②.Thisshows,addressingtheproblemsinincomedistributionandbui,e-,thepatternofincomedistributioninourcountryhasgraduallyshiftedfromthe“invertednail-shaped”patterntopyramid-shapedpatterns③.However,thereissti,inthecurrentincomedistributionpattern,thelower-middle-incomegroupstillmakesupamajority,,socialmobilityhasdecreased,,withagradualrelaxationofcontrol,on-agriculturalsectors,andtheyoungergeneration,througheducation,hasanemplo,s,sincethebeginningofthe21stcentury,duetosomenewfactors,socialmobilityhasbeuniversitiesinrecentyearsandthe“competitionoffamilybackground”sincethereformandopeningup,,thoughtheincomegapwaswidening,,changesinincomegaphaveshowncharacteristicsofpolarizationinrecentyears:theincomeofthehigh-incomegroupisgrowingatafasterpace,whilethatofthemajorityisgrowingslowly,andsomegroupsevenseeadecreaseintheirincome④.AstheChineseeconomyisshiftingfromhighrateofgrowthtomedium-highrateofgrowth,thegeneralimprovementinpeople’slivelihoodbasedonrapiddevelopmentishardtocontinue,andmanyproblems,properlyhandlingtheproblemsinincomedistributionisaprerequisiteforfosteringnewdrivesofeconomicgrowth,ensuringsocialharmonyandstability,andbuildingasounddevelopmentpattern,omegapafterthereformandopeningupisrelatedtothelowshareofworkremunerationinprimarydistribution,,manyimperfectis,suchasthestageofdevelopmentofourcountry,thedifferencesinhistoricalconditions,andmarketcompetition,andothersareirrational,suchasinstitutionalmaladies,imperfectguaranteemechanisms,rent-seeking,,%ofthenationalincome,muchlowerthanthe55%intheworld’,despitethe“shortageofmigrantworkers”insomecoastalareas,thetotallaborsupplyinourcountryasawholeremainsexcessive,whichdeterminesthatthefac,theimperfectemploymentsystem,theinsufficientprotectionofworkerrightsandinterests,andtheexistenceofinstitutionaldiscriminationconstitutepracticalobstaclestoworkers’,thedeficienciesintaxtypes,unreasonablesettingoftaxrates,andtheincompletescopeoftaxpayers,issuessuchasthereverseorderofthecoveredgroups⑤,fragmentationofinstitutionaldesign,andlackofprotectionforlow-incomegroupshaveunderminedtheroleofsocialsecurityinreducingtheincomegapinprimarydistribution,andinsomecasesevenwidenedtheexistinggap,leadingtothe“reversetransfer”,rent-seeking,grayincomeandmanyothermalpractice,enoughattentionhasnotbeengiventotheformulationofindustrystandardsandre,theimproperhandlingofhowtoeffectivelycombinesocialismandmarketec,thegovernmentfailstofulfilltheirdueresponsibility,,rent-seeking,grayincome,andotherfactorsthataffecttherationalorderofincomedistribution....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.


        ByGuoJiaofeng,GaoShiji,HongTao,,2016Refinedoilproductsrefertoethanolgasoline,bio-dieselandotheralternativefuels,withthesameusepurposeanduptothenationalqualitystandard,likegasoline,,theapparentconsumptionoftheseproductsinChinawas313milliontons,morethan70%,eventhoughithasbroughtmuchconveniencetotransportation,improvedpeoples’life,,w,however,,thenumberofmotorvehiclesandquantityofrefinedoilproductsconsumedinChinawillincreaseannuallyby16millionand6milliontonsrespectively,causingmoreexhaustgas,anbyimprovingthequalityofrefinedoilproducts,usingoilmoreefficiently,deve,taxationundertakesresponsibilitieslikeregulatingtheeconomy,guidingconsumption,CommunistPartyofChina,Chinawilldeepenthereformofthetaxationsystem,adjustthecollectionscope,proceduresandratesofconsumptiontax,andlevythistaxonproductsthatconsumetoomuchenergyandcauseseriouspollutionaswellassomehigh-endconsumergoods,,consumptiontaxonrefinedoilproducts,likeecologicaltaxation,hasbeenaneffectivewayofguidingconsumptionandreducingenvironmentalpollutionbyinternalizingnegativeexternal,withproblemslikeimpropercollectingprocedures,andunfairdistributionoftaxincome,canhardlypromoteeco-friendlydevelopment,whichneedstobeoptimizedtoplayabetterregulatingrconsumptiontaxsysteminChina,consumptiontaxonrefinedoilproductsistocurbtheconsumptionofrefinedoilproducts,andencouragetheirusageinacleanandsustainablewaybyregulatingpricesofrefinedoilproducts(BaiYanfeng,QiuXuanxuan,ZhangJing,2015).thephilosophyofsustainabledevelopmentThereformofconsumptiontaxonrefinedoilproductsbeg,thereformfocusesonadjustingcollectionscopeandtaxratesoastouseoilinaneconomicalway,reduceunreasonableconsumptiondemand,decreaseairpollutants,andpromoteeco-friendlydevelopment(JiangHe,2015).Afterseveraladjustments,consumptiateCouncilpromulgatedInterimRegulationofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonConsumptionTax(),andMinistryofFinancepromulgatedDetailedRulesfortheImplementationoftheInterimRegulationofthePeople’,NoticeonAdjustingandPerfectingConsumptionTaxPolicies(,2006)canceledtaxongasolineanddiesel,butaddtaxonrefinedoilproductswithsevensub-items,includinggasoline,diesel,naphtha,solventoil,lubricants,heatingoil,’sRepublicofChinaonConsumptionTax()();taxonnaphtha,;taxondieseloil,(,),takingeffectsinceJanuary1,2009,,Chinahas,forthreeconsecutivetimes,increasedconsumptiontaxonrefinedoilproducts,withthetaxrateofgasoline,naphtha,,thatofdiesel,,ChinastillsuspendstaxonjetcaltaxAtpresentwithconsumptiontaxaccountingfor25%to35%inthepricesofrefinedoilproducts,Chinadesignspolicieswiththegoalofencouragingenergyconservationandcurbingenvironmentalpollution,,2016asanexample,themaximumretailpricefor90-octanegradegasoline(NationalEmissionStandardⅣ)was6,765yuanperton,withconsumptiontaxandvalueaddedtaxreaching2,363yuanperton,35%ofthetotal;whilethatofzero-gradeDiesel(NationalEmissionStandardⅣ)was5,820yuanperton,withconsumptiontaxandvalueaddedtaxamountingto1,581yuanperton,27%,Chinahasestablishedasystemofconsumptiontaxonrefinedoilproducts,involvingcollectionprocedures,scope,methods,,thetaxisleviedinrefineries(includingcommissionedprocessorsandimporters),ongasoline,diesel,jetfuel(collectionissuspended),naphtha,solventoil,,itiscalculatedandcollectedonthequantitybasisataspecificrate,,,themethodprovidesshelterforthetaxagainstpricefluctuationsinthemarket,ensur,ithelpsimprovetheefficiencyofusin,basedonthequantityofproductsconsumed,raisespeople’sconsciousnessofconservingenergyandcherishingresources,sothatoilpricescanleadconsumersinareasonableandeco-friendlyway(JinDongsheng,2009).Fourth,themethodissuitableforrefinedoilproducts,whichhavesimilarpricesforhomogeneousproducts,,itisaninternationalprac’sConsumptionTaxonRefinedOilProductsRecentyearshavewitnessedanexpandingtaxbaseandrisingrateofconsumptiontaxonrefinedoilproducts,inordertoincreasefiscalrevenue,tackleworseningenvironmentalproblemslikesmog,,however,showconsumption,Chinalagsbehindinestabli,thecurrentsystemofconsumptiontaxonrefinedoilproductsnolongersuitseco-friendlydevelopment,withdeep-seatedcontradictionsandproblemsmainlyinthefollowingfouraspects....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,,greatchangeshavetakenplaceintherelationsbetweenmacroeconomicgrowthandmicrostructure,thepaceofreplacingoldenginesofgrowthwithnewoneshasaccelerated,China’sinteractionswiththerestoftheworldhavebeenstrengthened,stock-relatedissuesandnewriskshavebeeninterwovenmoreclosely,and,qualityandrisks,weshouldaccuratelyidentifythecharacteristicsandchallengesinthephaseofeconomictransformation,systematicallyevaluatethespaceofmacro-policy,constantlyupgradetheapproachtomacro-regulation,fosterarelativelystablemacro-environmentforeconomictransformation,promotetheadjustmentofeconomicstructure,andfosternewenginesofgrowth,soastoachieveeconomicrebalanceundertheconstraintsofhighleverage,hiftfromhigh-speedgrowthtomediumtohig,industrialstructure,urban-ruralstructure,andtheextentofopennes,short-termissuesandlong-termissues,aswellasdomesticissuesandinternationalissuesineconomicoperationposegreatchallengestomacro-regulation,0to2010,China’%.After2010,theannualgrowthratedeclinedtolessthan2%.Withthedecreaseinthecontributionofcross-sectoralallocationofresourcestototalfactorproductivity,productivitygai,itissti,theinstitutionalrequirementsforthedevelopmentofproducerservicesvarygreatlyfromthoseformanufacturing,,stabilizinggrowthwasequivalenttostabilizinginvestment,butwiththedeclineinthegrowthrateoftotalfactorproductivity,theexpansionofinvestmentfeaturingtheincreaseinquantity,s,withthegradualendofthehigh-speedgrowthandthedeepeningofeconomicrestructuring,theinterestsofsomegroupswillbeaffected,thegapsinincomeandwealthmaywiden,,macro-regulationduringthetransformationphasemusttakeintoaccounttheimpactsofloosemonetarypolicyorexpansionaryfiscaingtheperiodofhigh-speedgrowth,thedrinstitutionaladvantagesinbuildinglarge-scaleinfrastructureandimprovingbasicpublicservices,ChinasuccessfullycopedwiththeAsianfinancialcrisisin1998andtheinternationalfinancialcrisisin2008,,afterenteringtheperiodfeaturinginnovation-drivengrowthandfactor-basedefficiencyimprovement,theuncertaintiesineconomicoperationhaveincreasedmarkedly,thepathofindustrialupgradinghasbecomeunclear,andt,whilether,macroeconomicregulationshouldrelymoreonmarket-basedandlegalmeasures,andshiftfromstabilizinginvestmentinthepasttoensuringconsumerconfidence,nsitionofChina’seconomicgrowthstage,onthesurface,,itentailschangesinmanyaspectssuchasindustrialstructure,enterprises,society,culture,,nsifyingdemandmanagementcanonlytemporarilystabm-highrateofgrowth,wemustfocusonthesupplyside,establishasetofinstitutionalmechanismsthatcanadapttothemedium-highrateofgrowth,andpromoteChina’,macroeconomituralimbalanceInthetransformationphase,duetotheslowdownoftechnologicalprogressandthedeclineofinvestmentefficiency,theoriginalmodeofgrowthisdifficul,beenestablished,,riskssuchasovercapacity,corporatedebtsandlocalgovernmentdebts,einthedemandforreallocationofassets,morefundsmayflowintotherealestatesector,stockmarkets,,ndealingwithrisks,weneedtopaycloseattentiontorisksandespecially,emarketeconomy,marketplayersbecomemorediversifiedandaremoresensitivetopolicysignals,,theeconomicstructureisundergoingsignificantchanges,andwidefluctuationsmayoccurintherealestatemarket,stockmarket,foreignexchangemarket,bondmarketandelsewhere,,andifnotproperlyguided,theremaybechaosorevenpanic,,wemustputgreateremphasizeoncommunicationwithmarketplayerswhenconductingmacroeconomicregulation,increasepolicytransparency,andstrengthenourabilitytoguideexpectationsandmanagerisksundercomplicatedcircumstances....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.yzc亚洲城足球注册 

 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